App Attribution Data

Apple Now Shares App Attribution Data for Organic Search

Apple Releases Updated App Analytics with new App Attribution Data; App Developers Can Now View Search & Organic Installs

Apple announced that it has updated App Analytics inside of iTunes Connect with new datasets that provide attribution into installs that come from App Store search.  This bombshell announcement is ushering in a new level of transparency around app attribution.  It also underscores the importance of search as a channel and the value of users that come from search.  Not surprisingly, this update comes on the heels of Apple rolling out its Search Ads platform globally.

Apple has previously stated that up to 65% of all downloads come from search, however there has historically been a challenge pulling apart sources of “organic” traffic using traditional attribution tools.  As of today, marketers can now see app attribution for which organic downloads come from App Store Search, App Store Browse (charts and “featured” placement) and unrelated App Referrers / Web Referrers (typically paid sources of traffic).

New Definitions From iTunes Connect Resources and Help:

  • App Store Browse.  Customers who found your app while browsing the Featured, Categories, and Top Charts sections of the App Store.
  • App Store Search.  Customers who found your app from Search on the App Store.
  • App Referrer.  Customers who found your app while using another app.
  • Web Referrer (formerly Top Websites). Customers who found your app while on a website in Safari on iOS.

As one of the largest App Store Optimization companies in the world, Gummicube manages optimizations for 1000’s of apps globally.  To help marketers get a preview of what this might mean for their strategy going forward, Gummicube created a sample index which looks at apps across high volume categories in the App Store at scale.  We averaged this data to demonstrate what the broader ecosystem looks like – and most importantly how this data may change mobile marketing forever.

  1. The Organic User Acquisition Funnel and the Paid UA Funnel are NOT alike

While Apple has released that 65% of downloads come directly from organic search, our index shows on average only 3% of users originating from search visit the full app store listing. This means the majority of search users convert based on your search result view- the first 3 screenshots and icon are critical to converting these impressions to downloads.

This behavior is vastly different from paid campaigns where users are driven directly to your store listing, and therefore nearly all paid UA Page Views and Impressions are identical. While paid marketing efforts make up the minority share of potential users, it’s important to account for both channels when structuring your store listing creative.

  1. Page Conversion is the WRONG Metric for Organic Traffic Optimization in iOS

Marketers frequently conduct A/B testing of elements in their app page to increase conversion for their apps.  This activity has really been driven by innovations in Google Play which allow for very effective split testing of an app page live in the store.  While this is effective for Google Play, and certainly some learnings can be carried from one store to another, it is now very clear that the App Store user experience is quite different.  This data when extrapolated could mean that 95% of downloads in iOS that originate from search are triggered by the “GET” button in the search result.  Apple reports these users as impressions, but not as page views.  That means a high converting app page presentation doesn’t necessarily mean a high converting search presentation that maximizes organic downloads.

Apple Search Data

Gummicube Data Sample

  1. Chart Position and “Featured Placement” Matter Much Less Than Search

In Apple parlance, the impressions that you receive from chart position or being specially featured in the App Store as a source are called “App Store Browse”.  Thanks to the new app attribution data available, Gummicube has concluded that App Store Browse can generate an average of 68% of impressions, but only 7% of total installations for most apps.  This is an almost inverse relationship to search, which, as you may recall from earlier, generates an average 21% of impressions but nearly 40% of total installations.  For marketers, this should make improving search based installs a top priority.

  1. As a Measure of User Value, Sessions Indicate Search is the Most Valuable Channel

While App Store Browse activities generate an average of 68% of impressions, they only generate 5% of sessions on average across Gummicube’s index.  This compares to Search, which generates 21% of impressions and an average of 56% of the sessions for measured applications.  While App Referrers and Web Referrers may vary for every app depending on the size of the brand and level of marketing activity, metrics pertaining to Search v. Sessions and Browse v. Sessions were fairly consistent across the board.  This data shows that long term investment in ASO and paid search clearly pay off, because users are seeking out a specific product or service.  Downloads coming from simply browsing the App Store result in users who have a more passive interest.

New Data Has the Potential to Disrupt Mobile Marketing

For many apps, search within the App Store alone can generate nearly 5X the number of installs over time vs. all sources defined by Apple as “App Store Browse”, which include featured placements and chart position.  The new app attribution data from Apple helps prove this.  Further, users coming from search are 11X more active than users who passively install when they stumble across the app in other areas of the App Store.  If sessions and activity translate into revenue, which they usually do, this means that organic and paid search are the most valuable acquisition channels.

This is big news for the mobile marketing community, as it has the potential to further shift the focus away from install volume alone and toward acquiring quality users.  It demonstrates, at least in the iOS ecosystem, how users behave in the organic user funnel and why that is differs from the funnel that exists for paid user acquisition.  Finally, it shows marketers who may have been slow to embrace ASO that there is a sea change happening in the mobile world and search is becoming the preeminent channel to connect with their audience.

Apple Search Ads

Search Ads: Localize in International Markets

As of April 25th, Apple expanded their Search Ads to the UK, Australia and New Zealand. The expansion of Search Ads makes sense for Apple, especially since developers in the US immediately took to Search Ads.

Apple claims that user searches on the App Store contributes to 65 percent of downloads, making Search Ads a crucial marketing tool. Apple encourages developers to use Search Ads to put their app at the top of relevant search queries in territories such as the UK, Australia and New Zealand. However, while utilizing Search Ads may get an app to the front of the line, without integrating an App Store Optimization strategy it is difficult to stand out from the crowd.

App developers need an ASO strategy to make sure their App Store listing is localized to target its intended audience across territories. An app that is successful in its native territory might not be as successful in a foreign territory for the simple reason that user trends and behavior are different. By following ASO best practices, developers can create visibility with their Search Ads.

How App Developers Can Use ASO

The expansion of Search Ads gives developers the opportunity to create visibility in foreign markets. Regardless of the territory, Apple creates an app’s Search Ads using its App Store listing’s metadata and imagery. Apps that are looking to take advantage of Search Ads in a new territory will need to optimize and localize their app’s metadata using ASO so their Search Ads will have the most relevant high-volume keywords based on user’s search trends and behaviors in those markets.

Prior to jumping in and localizing for these new territories, developers should always do their research using an App Store Intelligence software like DATACUBE to research their competitor’s app’s metadata for relevant real-time mobile trends to better target specific app markets.

The localization process means monitoring specific user trends and behavior in other territories to make improvements to an app’s metadata. Some of those improvements include changing the app name, keyword bank and description. With DATACUBE, developers can quickly view competitors in foreign markets and adjust their app’s metadata to appeal to their intended audience.

DATACUBE is a valuable App Store Intelligence platform that will help developers looking to improve their app’s metadata with ranking reports of the app and current keywords to help developers compete against competitors. It also makes suggestions for different keywords that might help to better target the intended audience and create more visibility. Developers need to stay ahead of their competitors and make sure that their localization efforts don’t go to waste, especially if they are considering expanding their Search Ads to foreign markets. For all developers, App Store intelligence is an essential part of optimizing apps by giving insight on user’s trends and behaviors to streamline choosing targeted keywords.

Apple’s expansion of Search Ads to other countries may not seem like a big deal, but it serves as another opportunity for developers that are struggling in foreign markets to become visible.

Developers looking to improve their app’s visibility need to take advantage of Search Ads expanding to new territories with localization. Any developer that wants to become more discoverable in their current market needs to use the essential App Store Intelligence platform DATACUBE to monitor the most current mobile data and ensure that their optimization and localization decisions are relevant for Search Ads to display to the right audience.